Managing properties can be a challenge and time-consuming for first-time investors and comes with its unique challenges. Some of these include tenant issues, maintenance issues, tax and legal issues, and financial management.

#1 Managing Unexpected Expenses

Several factors lead to unexpected expenses in real estate investing that you must be aware of. Unexpected expenses will arise from emergency repairs, natural disasters, and sudden market changes. Are you prepared if the house you invested in needs a roof replacement? These unexpected costs can be expensive and quickly deplete your reserve funds if you are unprepared.

Here are a few ways to combat unexpected expenses:

    • When considering a property investment, know your financial situation to know what you can invest. Include a cushion in your reserve account for unforeseen expenses.
    • Remember to include an allotment for expenses such as taxes and insurance in your monthly budget. You should also regularly maintain a reserve amount, budgeting about 10-15% of your earnings into this emergency reserve.
    • You should also perform regular property inspections early to identify issues. Addressing small issues before they are large is much more cost-effective.

#2 Market Fluctuations Out of Your Control

The market fluctuates often. This fluctuation also affects the real estate market. Market downturns can lead to property values decreasing and increasing the demand for rentals. Growth can often be unstable and bring down cash flows.

Here are some ways to combat market fluctuations:

    • Invest in several property types across different geographic locations to diversify your portfolio. Consider recession-resistant property types like affordable housing or multi-family units.
    • Utilize flexible financing options. This will help you manage cash flows during tough times.
    • Make sure you have a healthy reserve. This money should cover mortgage payments, maintenance, and other expenses. This is important in case rental income decreases or property values go down. This financial buffer can prevent forced sales at unfavorable prices.

#3 Property Management

Managing properties can be a challenge and time-consuming for first-time investors and comes with its unique challenges. Some of these include tenant issues, maintenance issues, tax and legal issues, and financial management.

Sometimes unsavory tenants will damage your property, make late payments, or not make payments at all. You may have an older property with a lot of maintenance issues. Compliance with local, state, and federal laws regarding tenant rights and fair housing law is essential. Managing the day-to-day finances of the property can take time and effort.

Here are some ways to overcome property management complications:

    • Hire a reputable property management company. These companies handle all tenant issues, repairs, and day-to-day operations of the business. This leaves you with time to focus on your portfolio.
    • use property management software to streamline operational tasks. These programs can automate rent collection, track expenses, and produce financial reports for a full picture.
    • Do a complete tenant screening to include background checks, criminal background checks, and credit checks. Establish clear rental agreements and maintain open communication with your tenants.

#4 Market Volatility

Market volatility refers to the changing and unpredictable changes in property values. This can be because of economic shifts, geographic events, and interest rate fluctuations. When you tie all of your investment into one income avenue, you risk not making back what you invested.

A few strategies to overcome market volatility include:

    • Diversifying your portfolio among several property investments broadens your scope of income. Start off slow to avoid overextending yourself. You can begin with one or two properties and slowly build upon them.
    • Build a strong financial reserve to help you through market lows. When you have a healthy reserve, you are less likely to have additional financial stress.
    • Research market trends and predict timing when buying and selling investment properties.

#5 Finding Quality Tenants

Finding and retaining quality clients is a hard task that is essential to make your investment successful. A quality tenant makes on-time payments, doesn’t cause damage to your property, and communicates well. Be watchful in economic downturns, as this can impact obtaining quality tenants.

Here are a few strategies for successfully finding quality tenants:

    • Always be sure to screen your tenants before signing a contract. These can include background checks, credit checks, and employment verification. These simple, yet necessary steps can help you make a better decision.
    • Make sure to keep the property in excellent condition as this helps to attract quality tenants. Keep up to date on repairs and keep the property in nice condition to retain tenants.
    • Offer rental rates that compete with others in the market. Offer flexible leasing terms to attract quality tenants. Make sure to offer value for money when creating your rental rates.


Real estate investing does come with challenges. Some ways to combat these include managing a reserve account, successfully managing the property, and finding quality tenants. Learn to stay ahead of obstacles before they arise for the best success.